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Triglyceride  Reduction TGs Formula: Advanced Blood Lipid-Lowering Supplement to Support Healthy Triglyceride Levels Reduce Triglycerides.com: Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally. Triglycerides Reduction TGs Formula: Drug-Free Approach to Elevated Blood/Serum Triglycerides.
A Drug-Free Solution to Elevated Blood Triglycerides
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High Blood Triglycerides: Physical Symptoms Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Speak to Andrew Mierzejewski, Registered Holistic Nutritionist on Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally

Most people with borderline-high (150 - 199 mg/dL, or 1.7–2.3 mmol/L) or high triglycerides (200 - 499 mg/dL, or 2.3–5.6 mmol/L) will not have any symptoms. That's what makes it so scary. Because no one feels badly with high triglycerides, a lot of people simply have no clue!

Even in people with severe blood triglycerides - 1000 mg/dL, or 11.3 mmol/L, or acutely and massively elevated triglycerides - results from the physical examination are variable, ranging from normal examination results to one or more of the following findings:

  • When sustained elevated triglycerides are well above 1000 mg/dL sometimes eruptive xanthomas are found. These are 1- to 3-mm pin-head yellow papules, or bumps on an erythematous base occurring mostly on the back, buttocks, chest, bony elbows, knees and heels.

  • The lesions are caused by accumulations of chylomicrons and will disappear gradually when triglycerides are kept below 1000 mg/dL. If the diagnosis of eruptive xanthomas, a benign condition, is in doubt, obtaining a biopsy of the suspicious lesions will reveal accumulations of fat (not cholesterol).

  • Adults with dysbetalipoproteinemia (type III) - a rare lipid disorder with high levels of blood triglycerides (greater than 400 mg/dL or even 1000 mg/dL) and cholesterol - may have palmar xanthomas (yellowish creases of the palms). This type of xanthoma is considered characteristic of this disorder. Tuberous or tuberoeruptive xanthomas, which also may occur in other hyperlipidemias, may arise on the elbows, knees, or buttocks.

  • The mid epigastric area or upper right or left quadrants will be tender to palpation, if pancreatitis or the chylomicronemia syndrome is present. Also in people with the chylomicronemia syndrome, memory loss, dementia, and depression have been reported.

  • Triglyceride levels of 4000 mg/dL or higher, or >45.2 mmol/L may cause a condition known as lipemia retinalis, in which eye examination reveals retinal blood vessels (and occasionally the retina) that have a pale pink, milky appearance.

It should be noted that fairly common on the eyelids, xanthomas - yellow, soft and slightly raised non-contagious bumps made of cholesterol deposits - are also a sign of elevated cholesterol levels.

Xanthomas are lesions on the skin containing cholesterol and fats. They are often associated with inherited disorders of lipid metabolism (inherited problems with the way that fats are broken down and used).

A close-up of an eruptive xanthoma on the back of a man with a triglyceride level of 4600 mg/dL, or 51.9 mmol/L and acute pancreatitis.

In all people, eruptive xanthomas are a sign of severely evelvated blood triglyceride levels.

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Health Risks Marked by Elevated Triglycerides Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List
High Triglycerides: Weight Gain Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Researchers from Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Missouri have found that high triglycerides block leptin - a hormone secreted by our fat cells - from getting into the brain by impairing its transportation system (Diabetes, 2004: May).

As a result, leptin cannot do its work in turning off feeding and burning calories.

In other words, high triglycerides make the brain "think" the body is starving so we keep eating and... gaining weight. This is probably one of the reasons why so many people are becoming obese.

By lowering triglycerides then, we could help the body's own leptin to work better so we could get skinnier avoiding heart problems, cancer and diabetes - common chronic diseases linked to obesity.

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Triglycerides: The Critical Role of Blood Sugar Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

With no any doubt, the most common reason for having elevated blood triglycerides is

  • blood sugar - its availability and handling.

One reason for body cells to fail to take up glucose (blood sugar) properly is

  • either a lack of insulin (common in diabetes 1, called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes) or
  • insulin resistance (common in diabetes 2, often referred to as maturity-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes), or insulin resistance syndrome, called pre-diabetes syndrome, or
  • all the above.

The percentage of Americans with insulin resistance, or pre-diabetes syndrome is closer to 3 per cent of U.S. population. However, a new report from the Department of Health and Human Services multiplies the number of people in the U.S. who are pre-diabetic. The 2004 HHS report puts the new figure at 41 million (that's the population of California and New Jersey combined!).

Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas, which helps cells take up glucose from the blood to use as fuel (energy).

If you lack insulin, or if your cells are resistant to insulin, they cannot take up glucose, and so they turn to fatty acids (fats/lipids) for fuel.
They get these fatty acids from... triglycerides put by the liver into circulation.

In pre-diabetes syndrome, or insulin resistance syndrome, a person loses his ability to manage insulin effectively. If not controlled properly, the syndrome can lead to:
  • heart disease
  • non-alcoholic fatty liver
  • cancer (colon or ovarian).

You might have pre-diabetes syndrome if you experience such symptoms as:

  • increased weight
  • high blood pressure
  • high blood cholesterol.

High blood triglycerides levels are a common symptom of diabetes or pre-diabetes. Furthermore, you will be considered pre-diabetic if

  • your fasting blood sugar level is between 110 mg/dL and 125 mg/dL (diabetes is formally diagnosed at 126 mg/dL).

Some clinics use a fasting blood sugar of 90 mg/dL or higher as a biomarker of coronary heart disease risk. (A fasting blood sugar level test is the simplest and least expensive).

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The Test for Triglycerides Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Like cholesterol, increases in triglyceride levels can be detected by plasma (blood) measurements. In most cases, triglycerides are measured because they are used to calculate the serum (blood) LDL-"bad" cholesterol levels - which determines the need to treat people who have high total cholesterol.

According to so called Friedewald equation, LDL cholesterol equals total cholesterol minus HDL-"good" cholesterol minus one-fifth of triglyceride level - where all concentrations are given in mg/dL.

This equation, however, is generally unreliable and should not be used when blood triglycerides are elevated (over 400 mg/dL, or 4.5 mmol/L).

Since risk of heart disease is commonly based on cholesterol levels - not triglycerides! - usually, you get tested for triglycerides only:

  • during a regular routine medical exam (typically, every five years) or
  • if you are being treated for high triglycerides (to see if treatment is working).

However, it is very important to have your triglycerides measured, if you are diabetic. Diabetes can increase triglycerides significantly, especially when your blood sugar is out of control.

Most healthy people over 40 should get their triglycerides tested at least once a year. However, if your triglycerides are elevated, recheck them every three (3) months until they reach the desirable level.

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Baseline Fasting Triglycerides Measurement Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

A blood sample drawn from a vein.

The test for triglycerides - using a blood sample drawn from a vein or a fingertip - should be done after an overnight fasting when no extra triglycerides from a recent meal are present as they are being sent from the gut to body's fat tissue for storage.

In practice, however, that way of obtaining a true baseline triglyceride measurement is often given no more than lip service.

If you have not been properly fasting when the blood sample was drawn, your physician may dismiss your elevated triglycerides reading as… insignificant
As opposed to circulating HDL and LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride blood concentrations change significantly with food intake.

Whenever you eat a meal that contains fat, your triglyceride levels rise. The degree of the increase depends on the baseline level.

For example, if your triglyceride level is about 50 mg/dL, after eating a classic fast-food "meal" of a hamburger, French fries, and milkshake, your triglycerides may increase by 15 percent to 20 percent. In other words, the triglyceride level may rise to 70 mg/dL, 80 mg/dL, or perhaps 90 mg/dL - but still will remain within the optimal range (below 100 mg/dL).

If your baseline triglyceride level is greater than 200 mg/dL, that high-fat junk "meal" could catapult your triglycerides to 300 mg/dL, 400 mg/dL, or even 500 mg/dL, and this elevation may be prolonged for several hours beyond the normal eight-hour clearance period.

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High Triglycerides: Stay Alert and Ask Questions Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Nothing, except water, is allowed from bedtime until you get your triglyceride bloodwork done next morning when a lab opens.
When it comes to health care, you need to stay alert, ask questions, and ultimately rely on yourself for important health care decisions.

By applying these guidelines, you will be able to take control of your health care, just as we all should do.

Unfortunately, your doctor may have you take the blood test without informing you of all factors that might affect the results.

You never know when even a “highly regarded” doctor might be rushed or inexperienced, or simply overly comfortable with a procedure, then end up taking a short cut at your expense, recommending a drug or an uncomfortable, invasive procedure based solely on a suspect or false test result.

The lesson: Always ask your doctor for specifics regarding factors that can create false positive or false negative test results.

As far as a blood test determining triglyceride levels is concerned, for 12 to 14 hours before the test, only water is permitted.

Overnight fasting is essential for an accurate measurement of blood triglycerides!

In addition, alcohol should not be consumed for the 24 hours just before the test.

You are also not supposed to take any vitamin supplements 24 hours prior to your fasting blood work. If you are currently on antihistamines, antibiotics or cortisone treatment only, you need to call the lab or your doctor for more information on how to proceed.

Anything taken in, other than water, during that time can elevate the blood triglycerides as they change dramatically in response to meals. Without the proper fasting, they can easily be high enough to prompt your doctor to prescribe drugs.

However, even fasting levels may vary considerably day to day. Therefore modest changes in fasting triglycerides measured on different days are not considered to be abnormal.

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"It Turned Out to Be a False Result" Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

My blood triglyceride level was alarmingly high 497 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter of blood). (…)

It turned out to be a false result. A nurse sent to my home by my life insurance company had taken my blood sample just a few hours after I ate lunch.

For an accurate triglyceride reading, even more so than for an accurate blood cholesterol reading, it's important to fast for at least 12 hours before having blood drawn.

(…) a meal that is rich in fat is a meal that is rich in triglycerides, and it will cause a dramatic short-term spike in your blood triglyceride levels.

When my doctor drew my blood after an overnight fast during my annual physical a few months later, my triglyceride level was 97.

    Larry Lindner, Tufts University School of Nutrition Science & Policy.

Variability in Triglyceride Measurements Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

After a weekend of beer and pizza, Monday morning bloodwork readings tend to be higher than on the other days; therefore, take your weekend activities into account when having your test for blood triglycerides done.
Due to a lack of standardized measurement, however, variability in triglyceride measurements may occur.

Daily concentrations of blood triglycerides vary more than the concentrations of most other metabolites and can be affected especially by:

  • previous alcohol (ethanol) consumption
  • dehydration, and
  • other factors, such as some drugs and ascorbic acid/vitamin C (they can decrease triglyceride measurements).

Another factor that affects triglyceride measurement is postural change; the level can vary by as much as 15 percent, depending on whether your were standing or supine when the blood was drawn, because of associated shifts in plasma volume.

Yet another factor is laboratory variability, which can range between 5 percent and 10 percent on a daily basis.

Finally, intraindividual variability can be another 5 percent to 10 percent.

Those variations, however, will not matter as much in those who have an optimal baseline triglyceride value as they will in people who have an elevated value, in whom the variability will tend to be much more dramatic.

It should also be noted that test for blood (serum) triglycerides should not be performed on specimens collected between 24 hours and 8 weeks after myocardial infarction (heart attack), as levels will be lower than usual.

As a rule, variability in triglycerides measurement can be decreased if you are instructed to

  • fast overnight for at least twelve (12) hours
  • abstain from alcohol for two (2) days, and
  • consume two cups (473 mL) of water one (1) hour before the collection of blood.

In particular, the importance of the two-day abstinence from alcohol is based on significant alterations in the plasma fatty acid pattern that persist twenty-four (24) hours after the consumption of alcohol and elevations in triaglycerides observed as late as nine (9) hours after the consumption of alcohol with dinner. (J Chromatogr 1992;579:13–24; Alcohol 1998;33:403–10).

What you should do then?

First, before having blood drawn for a triglyceride check, fast - preferably overnight - several (12-14) hours. Fasting is essential for triglycerides (it is not necessary to measure cholesterol though).

Second, have the blood test repeated to be sure your measurement is accurate. And ask your doctor for specifics regarding factors that can create false positive or false negative test results.

Third, tell your physician to also measure LDL-"bad" and HDL-"good" cholesterol. A triglyceride measurement should be accompanied by a complete lipoprotein cholesterol determination.

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Fasting Triglycerides: Interpretation of Lab Values Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

If you have coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus (type 2, or non-insulin-dependent diabetes), or multiple risk factors, your triglyceride goal should be less than 100 mg/dL (but NOT lower than 70 mg/dL).
High triglycerides are usually accompanied by high total cholesterol. Although risk of heart disease is based on cholesterol levels, the type of drug treatment used to lower cholesterol may differ, depending on whether triglycerides are "high" or "normal".

When triglycerides are "very high" (greater than 500 mg/dL, or 5.64 mmol/L), there is a risk of developing pancreatitis (inflammation of pancreas). Treatment to lower triglycerides should be started as soon as possible.

Fasting triglycerides, as a marker for triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, provide valuable information about the atherogenic potential of the lipoprotein profile, particularly when considered in context of HDL-"good" cholesterol levels.

It has been shown that "atherogenic hyperlipidemia" starts at the triglyceride level 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L) initiating degenerative changes in the cardiovascular system, and the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) can be significantly reduced by more aggressively treating elevated blood triglyceride levels.

However, there is still no consensus regarding the value necessitating initiation of triglyceride treatment. According to many physicians the need for implementation of proper dietary habits begins at the triglyceride level over 200 mg/dL (2.3 mmol/L) and pharmacological (drug) treatment should be started at the triglyceride level over 300 mg/dL (3.4 mmol/L).

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The Triglycerides/HDL Ratio: Heart Disease Predictor Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Generally speaking, the higher the triglyceride/HDL ratio, the the higher your risk of a heart attack.
Association between triglycerides and HDL-"good" cholesterol is the most difficult to sort out. It turns out that whenever triglycerides are increased, HDL cholesterol decreases.

So is the increased risk seen with high triglycerides due to the triglycerides themselves, or to the associated reduction in HDL and increase in LDL-“bad” cholesterol. So far, nobody can say for sure.

However, it is believed that the triglycerides/HDL ratio is one of the most potent predictors of heart disease as HDL is closely related to triglycerides. A Harvard-lead study author reported:

    "High triglycerides alone increased the risk of heart attack nearly three-fold. And people with the highest ratio of triglycerides to HDL -- the "good" cholesterol -- had 16 times the risk of heart attack as those with the lowest ratio of triglycerides to HDL in the study of 340 heart attack patients and 340 of their healthy, same age counterparts.

    The ratio of triglycerides to HDL was the strongest predictor of a heart attack, even more accurate than the LDL/HDL ratio (Circulation 1997;96:2520-2525)."

It appears common for people with high triglycerides to have low HDL’s, and these same people also tend to have high levels of clotting factors in their bloodstream, which is unhealthy in protecting against heart disease.

In adults, the triglyceride/HDL ratio should be below 2 (just divide your triglycerides level by your HDL level). Or more precisely, the triglyceride/HDL ratio:

  • 2 or less is considered IDEAL
  • 4 - high
  • 6 - much too high.

And, since HDL (high density lipoprotein) is protective against heart disease, the lower the ratio, the better which means the lower your risk of a heart attack. In other words, the lower your triglycerides, or the higher your HDL-“good” cholesterol, the smaller this ratio becomes.

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Extremely Low Triglycerides Levels Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

There are several known causes of low triglycerides (<50 mg/dL) However, many causes have yet to be discovered.

Extremely low triglycerides levels (less than 10 mg/dL) can indicate the following conditions:

  • abetalipoproteinemia - a disorder of lipid metabolism characterized by fat malabsorption, acanthocytosis, retinopathy, and progressive neurologic disease
  • hypobetalipoproteinemia - an inherited condition in which blood lipids are present at less than the expected levels regardless of how much fat is eaten; subjects may develop fatty liver
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - emphysema or chronic bronchitis
  • malabsorption syndrome (inadequate absorption of nutrients in the intestinal tract) leading to malnutrition
  • malnutrition (inadequate intake or inadequate digestion of nutrients)
  • hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) - a condition caused by the effects of too much thyroid hormone in tissues of the body, or
  • diet too low in fat,

Unfavourably low blood triglyceride levels may also be caused by:

  • too alkaline pH of glycerol (due to lack of infusion of chloride via phosphorylation in stomach; when the cellular tissue are too alkaline, the fatty acids tend to disintegrate and give off glycerol) and
  • fatty acid congestion in the liver.

In this case, a full-spectrum nutritional supplementation providing adequte amounts of the B vitamins, lipotropic factors, hydrochloric acid (HCL) and digestive enzymes can be of great help here.

Anyway, your health care provider should always check for these if too high or too low triglycerides are discovered.

Currently, as a rule of thumb, fasting blood triglyceride readings should be as follows:

  • greater than 55 mg/dL in women and
  • greater than 45 mg/dL in men.

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Standard Blood Lipid Profile: Test Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

A group of tests, called a blood lipid profile, is often recommended as a medical routine screening to evaluate risk of heart disease in healthy adults.

The standard ("complete") fasting blood lipid profile includes:

  • total cholesterol
  • HDL-cholesterol (often called "good" cholesterol)
  • LDL-cholesterol (often called "bad" cholesterol)
  • triglycerides, and, sometimes
  • calculated HDL/Cholesterol ratio, and/or
  • a risk score based on lipid profile results, age, sex, and other risk factors.

Standard Fasting Blood Lipid Profile Continue reading this article...

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High Triglycerides: Medical Treatments Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Roughly half of people with hyperlipidemia -- 42 million -- is affected by hypertriglyceridemia - increased triglyceride levels.
Medical experts disagree about the significance of high triglycerides - whether high triglycerides in the absence of high LDL and low HDL is a problem. However, studies have shown that elevated triglyceride levels do contribute significantly to the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD).

As a result of that disagreement, triglycerides don’t get as much attention from the medical community as cholesterol, but they are certainly important to overall health.

Even if cholesterol levels are... normal, triglycerides can contribute to the clogging of the arteries in the heart.

In the United States alone, there are about 85 million office visits a year by people with elevated levels of cholesterol and/or triglycerides – a condition called hyperlipidemia.

Standard Medical Treatments for High Triglycerides Continue reading this article...

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The Nutritional Control of High Triglycerides Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

Elevated plasma triglycerides are in your control and can be brought down naturally.
As high blood triglycerides are a common lipid disorder in North America, we all know someone with this problem or we have it ourselves.

If you're interested in avoiding or ending personal experience with this disorder, we have good news for you.

The main and foremost goal of the nutritional approach to elevated blood triglycerides is to improve and/or restore the body's metabolism of

  • lipids (fats) and
  • carbohydrates, especially refined sugar, processed grains and starches.

The body chemistry can be boosted only by optimum nutrition, that is by helping the cells to

  • receive more vital nutrients - nourishment needed for their optimal function (and survival)
  • stabilize the body's insulin levels the blood sugar-regulating hormone, according to many studies, directly associated with HDL-"good" cholesterol and blood triglyceride levels, and
  • undergo the ongoing process of detoxification - an essential factor in preventing and fighting all health problems.

Without improving the lipid metabolism, prescription drugs are a futile exercise, although they can be life saving at times.

This is especially important for those, who have a family history of diabetes, heart disease or stroke due to atherosclerosis.

Fortunately, there are people, including a growing number of doctors, who admit that there are successful methods to reduce elevated levels of blood lipids (fats), other than temporary medical intervention.

There are also people - with or without high triglycerides - who are willing to trade their lifestyle habits for healthy arteries and a healthy old age; people who are making serious efforts to give their heart and cardiovascular system a longer, healthier life through optimum nutrition.

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 All-Natural Blood Lipid Modulator  Lowering High Triglycerides Naturally | Catalog | Price List

The cornerstone of our triglyceride control method is Triglyceride Reduction TGs Formula. It is a comprehensive multiple vitamin-mineral-botanical supplement that provides optimal levels of nutrients to support people with high blood triglycerides.

There have been medical studies on the beneficial effect of nutritional supplementation on triglyceride levels; it appears people with high triglycerides do benefit from dietary supplements.

Nutritional factors - naturally occurring substances, not drugs whose substances are foreign to the body - are able to boost the body chemistry by

  • correcting possible deficiencies and/or imbalances
  • improving metabolism of lipids (fats) and carbohydrates (sugars, starches, processed grains), and
  • providing optimum conditions for the proper functioning of the body's own intrinsic ability to heal itself.

TGs Reduction Formula
Advanced Blood Lipid Support
Dietary Supplement
120 Tablets

73 Phytonutrients and Nutrients
SUPPLEMENT FACTS: Amount Per Serving (1 Tablet)
ReduceTriglycerides.com: Triglyceride Reduction TGs Formula by Full of Health Inc.
1. Vitamin A (All Trans Retinyl Palmitate) 1,000 IU
2. Beta Carotene (Natural) 500 IU
3. Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid and Ascorbyl Palmitate) 250 mg
4. Vitamin D-3 (Cholecalciferol) 400 IU
5. Vitamin E (as D-Alpha Tocopheryl Succinate and Mixed Tocopherols, Alpha, Beta, and Gamma) 87.5 IU
6. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine Hydrochloride) 15 mg
7. Vitamin B2 (as Riboflavin and Riboflavin-5-Phosphate) 7.5 mg
8. Niacin (Vitamin B3) 15 mg
9. Niacinamide 2.5 mg
10. Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxine HCl and Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate) 10 mg
11. Folic Acid 800 mcg
12. Vitamin B12 (Methylcobalamin) 250 mcg
13. Biotin 1,500 mcg
14. Pantothenic Acid (Calcium Pantothenate) 50 mg
15. Calcium (as Asparatate, Phosphate and Calcium Pantothenate) 25 mg
16. Iodine (Potassium Iodide) 62.5 mcg
17. Magnesium (Citrate) 15 mg
18. Zinc (Monomethionine) 5 mg
19. Selenium (Methylselenocysteine) 25 mcg
20. Manganese (Gluconate) 2.5 mg
21. Chromium (Chromium Polynicotinate) 375 mcg
22. Potassium (Phosphate) 15 mg
23. L-Cysteine Hydrochloride 55 mg
24. DL-Methionine 37.5 mg
25. Choline 32.5 mg
26. Lemon Bioflavonoids 25 mg
27. N-Acetyl-Cysteine 25 mg
28. Inositol 20 mg
39. L-Glutamic Acid HCl 5 mg
30. RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) 5 mg
32. Boron (Citrate) 250 mcg
33-73. PROPRIETARY BLEND : 263.5 mg
Glandular Substances (Adrenal, Pancreas, Hypothalamus, Liver, Pituitary/Anterior), Garlic Extract (Allium sativum) (Bulb), Guggulipid Extract (Commiphora mukul) (Std. to 2.5% Guggulsterones), Betaine (Trimethylglycine), Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) (Std. to 0.5% Arjunolic Acid) (Bark), Pantethine (as Coenzyme A precursor), Sytrinol® ** (Nobiletin and Tangeritin Compound), Quercetin, Bitter Melon Leaf Extract (Momordica charantia) (Std. to 0.5% Charantin), Pancreatin 8x, Propolis (2:1), Golden Root Powder (Rhodiola Rosea) (Std. to 3% Rosarin), Maca Extract Lepidium peruvianum Chacon) (Std. 4:1) (Root), Ox Bile, Cayenne (Capsicum annum) (Std. to 0.3% Capsaicin) (Fruit), Cinnulin PF® ***Cinnamon Extract (Cortex cinnamoni) (Bark), Gymnema Sylvestre (Std. to 25% Gymnemic Acids), L. Banaba Leaf Extract (Lagerstroemia speciosa) (Std. to 1.0% Corosolic Acid), Silymarin Extract Std. (from Milk Thistle) (Seed), Artichoke Leaf Extract (Cynara scolymus) (Std. to 5% Cynarin), Berberine (Barberry Root Extract 4:1) (Berberis aristata), Blueberry Leaf (Vaccinium angustifolium), Burdock Powder (Arctium lappa) (Root), Chlorophyll (as Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin), Curcumin Extract (Curcuma longa) (Root), Gentian Powder (Gentiana lutea) (Root), Grape Seed Extract (Vitis vinifera) (Std. to 95% Oligometric Proanthocyanidins), Rosemary Leaf Extract (Rosmarinus officinalis) (Std. to 6.0% Carnosic Acid), Shilajit (Himalayan mineral pitch), Triphala Extract (Terminalia belerica, Terminalia chebula, Emblica officinalis) (Fruit), Bromelain, Papain, Alpha Lipoic Acid, BioPerine® **** Black Pepper Extract (Piper nigrum) (Fruit), Trans-Resveratrol (from Japanese Giant Knotweed Root), Vanadium (Vanadyl Sulfate).