Standard Fasting Blood Lipid Profile: Heart Disease Risk Factors

HERE ARE YOUR RESULTS

Check these various components in your fasting blood lipid profile.They are considered important indicators of your risk of having a heart disease. It is obviously best to be at the high end of the "good" HDL cholesterol range (> 80 mg/dL), and the low end of the "bad" LDL cholesterol (< 100 mg/dL) and triglycerides range (< 100 mg/dL is IDEAL).

LIPID

LEVEL

LEVEL

LEVEL

SHOULD BE . . ..

          Total Cholesterol (TC)

DESIRABLE
Under < 200 mg/dL

BORDERLINE-HIGH
(Depending on your HDL)
200 mg/dL -239 mg/dL

HIGH
240 mg/dL and Above

Under < 200 mg/dL (depending on your HDL level)
DESIRED: Not more than 4 times your HDL level.
Examples: 4 X 40 mg/dL HDL = 160 mg/dL total cholesterol (TC)
4 X 50 mg/dL HDL = 200 mg/dL total cholesterol (TC)

  HDL Cholesterol (High Density Lipoprotein -"Good" Cholesterol)

DESIRABLE
Men - 65 mg/dL
Women - 75 mg/dL
or Higher

ACCEPTABLE
Men - 55 mg/dL
Women - 65 mg/dL

LOW
Men - <45 mg/dL
Women - <55 mg/dL

Above > 55 - 65 mg/dL
The lower your HDL, the lower your total cholesterol (TC) should be!
  HDL/TC Ratio:
HDL divided by Total Cholesterol (TC)

IDEAL
0.30 or Higher

LOW
Under < 0.24

VERY DANGEROUS
Less than < 0.10

Above > 0.24
Example: 80 HD:190 TC = 0.42
The higher the number (HDL:TC ratio), the better - the lower your risk of heart attack.
  Triglycerides (TRG)

BORDERLINE-HIGH
150 mg/dL - 199 mg/dL

HIGH
200 mg/dL - 499 mg/dL

VERY HIGH
Over >500 mg/dL

Under < 150 mg/dL
IDEAL: Under <100m/dL
When triglycerides are "severly high" (greater than < 1000 mg/dL), there is a risk of developing pancreatitis.
  TRG/HDL Ratio:
Triglycerides divided by HDL

IDEAL
2 or Less

HIGH
4

MUCH TOO HIGH
6

Under < 2
Example:
110 TRG:60 HDL = < 2
The lower the number (TRG:HDL ratio), the better - the lower your risk of heart attack.
  LDL Cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein - "Bad" Cholesterol)

NEAR OPTIMAL OR ABOVE OPTIMAL
100 mg/dL - 129 mg/dL

BORDERLINE-HIGH
130 mg/dL - 159 mg/dL

HIGH
160 mg/dL - 189 mg/dL

OPTIMAL: Under < 100 mg/dL
VERY HIGH: 190 mg/dL and above
  LDL Cholesterol FOR HEART PATIENTS

MUST BE UNDER
< 80 mg/dL
The lower, the better

HIGH
110 mg/dL

DANGEROUSLY HIGH
140 mg/dL

IDEAL: Under < 70 mg/dL
(If you are a heart patient, LDL MUST be under < 70 mg/dL)
SEE YOUR DOCTOR, IF
NOT UNDER < 80 mg/dL.
  Glucose (GLU):
6-Hour Fasting Blood Sugar

NORMAL
Under < 87 mg/dL

HIGH
110 - 125 mg/dL

VERY HIGH
126 mg/dL and Above (Pre-diabetes)

Under < 90
SEE YOUR DOCTOR, if 110 mg/dL or above
  Insulin:
6-Hour Fasting Blood Insulin

GOOD
Below 5 uU/ml
(VERY GOOD: 2 - 3 uU/ml

HIGH
5 - 15 uU/ml

VERY HIGH
Over 15 uU/ml

Under < 90
SEE YOUR DOCTOR, if over 10 uU/ml
PLEASE NOTE: These numbers are based on a fasting lipid profile: 12 to 14 hours before the blood test (alcohol should NOT be consumed for the 24 hours). If you do not fast, your Triglycerides, LDL, Glucose and Insulin will be much higher.


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